Genre: R&B

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Genre: R&B

Postby Lensa » Sat Nov 06, 2010 3:24 pm

Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine.

It replaced the term race music, which was deemed offensive. To some extent, the kind of music it is attached to has changed to whatever form of contemporary music is popular with African-American pop musicians and audiences.

In its first manifestation, rhythm and blues was a black version of a predecessor to rock and roll. It was strongly influenced by jazz, jump music as well as black gospel music, and influenced jazz in return.

In the 50s, white artists like Bill Haley, Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins made the sounds of black music acceptable to white middle class listeners, paving the way for the popularity of black performers like Little Richard, Chuck Berry and Fats Domino. Even Pat Boone's version of "Tutti Fruiti" played its part.

It was not in the US but through the thriving UK pop scene of the early 1960s that R&B reached the height of its popularity.

The term fell into disfavor in the 1960s being replaced by soul music and Motown, but has re-emerged in recent years indicating black popular music encompassing pop heavily influenced by hip-hop, funk, and soul music. In this context only the abbreviation R&B is used, not the full expression.

Notable Artists: Ray Charles; Ruth Brown; Brook Benton; Big Maybelle
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